- General Medicine
by Doyinsola Adeyemi
Miscarriage is one of the major causes of trauma and sometimes, depression amongst women. Unfortunately, only a few cases of miscarriage are preventable, yet either one or both of the couple are blamed for this hapless incidence which of course is not their fault.
It can be hard to determine exactly what went wrong when a woman loses pregnancy. But we have put together some common risk factors of miscarriage.
- Damaged sperm or egg is the factor that accounts for about 50% of miscarriage, especially in the first trimester.
- Research has also shown that women that are 35+ years are at 20% more risk to experience miscarriage more than younger women. There is an 80% chance that women at age 45+ will have a miscarriage.
- Habits such as illicit drugs, excessive consumption of alcohol, coffee and smoking.
- Infections in mother such as food poisoning, gonorrhoea, Chlamydia, syphilis, malaria, AIDS.
- Pathologies in mother such as thyroid dysfunction, heart disease, uncontrolled diabetes, obesity/overweight, fibroid, inversion of the uterus, kidney disease are also contributing factors to miscarriage.
The list is not exhaustive, but they account for more miscarriage in women.
The risk of miscarriage can be reduced by:
- Eating a healthy and well-balanced diet. Avoid taking contaminated food.
- Not using illicit drugs, smoking, drinking an alcoholic beverage.
- Manage stress, and exercise regularly.
- Ensure adequate spacing between children and avoid late pregnancy.
- Make sure your doctor knows about any drug you want to take and ensure your immunization is up-to-date.
It is important to see your doctor as soon as you notice any changes in your body especially if you see any of these under-listed symptoms, kindly seek for help:
- Spotting 2. Vaginal bleeding that progresses from light to heavy 3. Cramps 4. Fever 5. Weakness 6. Vomiting 7. Mild to severe back pain 8. White-pink mucus 9. True contractions 10. A sudden decrease in signs of pregnancy 11. Pain or cramping in your abdomen 12. Fluid or tissue passing from your vagina
Should you see anyone going through emotional trauma from miscarriage, make sure to show them some love and care.